Pedodontics or pediatric dentistry is an intermediate science that aims to protect the health of the deciduous and permanent teeth of children aged 0-14 and to treat the resulting diseases. The perfect oral and dental health of children can be ensured by regular dental check-ups every 6 months. During these checks, all kinds of problems that threaten oral and dental health can be detected.
The first examination in a child patient begins with communicating with both the child and the child’s parents. After the interview, the patient’s medical and dental history is listened to. Then, clinical and radiological examination is started. Pedodontists apply many methods to protect primary and permanent teeth from major oral diseases such as caries and periodental diseases. These can be counted as teaching the concept of oral hygiene, applying systemic and topical fluoride, and applying fissure sealants.
Our milk teeth may need to stay in the mouth longer than expected. For this reason, the health of the milk teeth should be taken care of and the permanent teeth that will come from below should be treated in the most appropriate way.
Anatomically, the recesses and protrusions on the chewing surfaces of the molars form areas where they can stick for food. Caries starts from these areas that are difficult to clean. Fissure sealants help to create a surface on the teeth that will make these surfaces shallow, reduce the adhesion of foods and facilitate brushing. It is known that after clinical applications, the formation of caries is reduced by 70-80%.
Fluoride treatments, which are accepted as the most effective treatment in preventive dentistry, can be applied in healthy individuals, in individuals prone to caries, in the treatment of sensitivity and erosion in the teeth, and in individuals with systemic diseases who need special care. Applications are carried out at the frequency and amount determined according to the age and risk of caries formation.
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